Along the first countries to have regular airlines in Latin
America were Colombia with Avianca, Chile
with LAN Chile
(today LAN Airlines), Mexico with Mexicana
de Aviaci?n, Brazil with Varig, and TACA as a brand of several airlines of
Central American countries (Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica,
Guatemala and Nicaragua). All the previous airlines started regular
operations before World War II.
The air travel market has evolved rapidly over recent years in Latin America. Some industry estimations
over 2000 new aircraft will begin service over the next five years
in this region.
These airlines serve domestic flights within their countries, as
well as connections within Latin America and also overseas flights
to North America, Europe, Australia, Africa and Asia.
Just one airline, LAN (Latin American Networks) has international
subsidiaries: Chile as the central operation along with
Peru, Ecuador, Argentina and some operations in the Dominican
The main hubs in Latin America are Sao Paulo in Brazil, Bogota in Colombia, Caracas in
Venezuela, Guayaquil in Ecuador, Lima in Peru, Mexico City in Mexico, Buenos Aires in Argentina, and Santiago in Chile